amakuru

Iterambere ry’inganda z’inkoko ku isi muri 2020 bigaragara ko zigoye kuruta mu myaka yashize. Nyamara, binyuze mumagambo icumi yingenzi nibintu icumi byingenzi byabaye kandi bibaho, turashobora kubona inzira zimwe ziterambere ryinganda z’inkoko mu Bushinwa ndetse no ku isi ndetse n’icyerekezo kizaza cy’urwego rwo gutanga ibiribwa.
 
Ijambo ryibanze imwe : COVID-19
 
Icyorezo gishya cy'ikamba cyateje igihombo kinini ku buzima no ku mutungo w'abakozi bo mu nganda z’inkoko, bibangamira urunigi rw’inkoko n’urwego rutanga isoko
 
Ikintu cyose gishobora gutegereza kigomba gutegereza. Ubu ni bwo buryo bwerekana igihe gikomeye cyane cyo gukumira no kurwanya icyorezo ku isi icyorezo gishya. Imijyi, imihanda, imidugudu, hamwe n’ingamba zashyizwe mu kato byatumye inkoko nyinshi zangirika. Hano haribintu bitabarika byo guhagarika uruganda, kubura abakozi, guhagarika cyangwa gusubika imurikagurisha, hiyongereyeho amahoteri kuruhande rwabaguzi / gufunga ibiryo, gutinda kwishuri, nabaturage babika ibicuruzwa. , Ibiciro byisoko ryamagi ninkoko mubice byinshi byisi nabyo byahuye n’imihindagurikire nini n’ihungabana, ari nabyo byazanye igihombo kinini mu bukungu mu nganda z’inkoko.
 
Mugihe icyorezo cya COVID-19 gikomeje kwiyongera kandi imbaraga zacyo zo gusenya zikomeje kwiyongera, ubuyobozi bwihutirwa buhura n’ibibazo bitigeze bibaho. Uruganda rusaga 300 rutunganya inyama n’inkoko muri Amerika, Kanada, Burezili, n’Umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi rwagize abakozi ibihumbi icumi banduye COVID-19 kandi rwemeza ko byibuze abantu 20.000 kandi byibuze bapfa 100.
Raporo yashyizwe ahagaragara n’ikigo gishinzwe kurwanya no gukumira indwara (CDC), ivuga ko mu bantu banduye COVID-19 mu nganda zitunganya inyama n’inkoko muri Nebraska, Amerika yaturutse mu gace k’umusaruro (74%), buffet / ahantu ho kuruhukira (51%), ibyumba byo kwambariramo (43%), ibyinjira n’ibisohoka (40%) byagize uruhare runini ugereranije, mu gihe igipimo cy’imirongo itunganya umusaruro nko kugabana cyageze kuri 54%, cyari hejuru cyane ugereranije n’ikigereranyo ya 16% uhereye kumurongo wambere wo gutunganya / kubaga. Iyi raporo isesengura ko ibintu bishobora kugira ingaruka ku kwandura COVID-19 ku nganda zitunganya inyama n’inkoko zirimo intera igaragara ku kazi, aho isuku ihagaze, hamwe n’aho abantu benshi batuye ndetse n’ubwikorezi. Irasaba kandi kwitandukanya n'imibereho, isuku y'intoki, gusukura no kwanduza. Politiki yo kuruhuka kwa muganga. Ni muri urwo rwego, impuguke mu nganda zavuze ko itangwa ry’inyama ridashobora guhungabanya ubuzima n’ubuzima bw’abakozi batunganya inganda, kandi hagomba kuboneka ibisubizo kugira ngo birinde umutekano wabo.
 
Ijambo ryibanze rya kabiri: ibicurane by'ibiguruka
 
Ibicurane by'ibiguruka byahindutse biva ahantu hamwe ntabwo byahinduye inzira y'icyorezo gishya cy'ikamba, kandi biracyakomeza kwiyongera ahantu henshi buri kwezi, bigatera igihombo kinini cy'inkoko
 
Ugereranije nigihe kimwe cyo muri 2019, kimwe nuko kuva muri Mutarama kugeza Ugushyingo 2020, hazabaho ibyorezo bishya by’inkoko HPAI buri kwezi, naho Mutarama kugeza Mata ni igihe cy’ibibazo byinshi, aho abantu 52 bashya, 72, imanza 88, na Imanza 209. kuzamuka. Bitandukanye n’imyaka yashize, amakuru yashyizwe ahagaragara na OIE yerekana ko kuva mu 2020, icyorezo cya HPAI kitigeze kibangamira cyane ubuzima bw’inkoko, ahubwo cyanateje ingaruka ku buzima bw’inyamaswa uretse inkoko. Muri Kazakisitani hari ibyorezo bibiri bishya. Icyorezo cya H5 cyicyorezo cya HPAI cy’inkoko zidafite ubwisanzure cyateje ingurube 390 zose zanduye, inka 3,593, intama 5439, n’amafarasi 1.206, ariko ntibyatumye izo nyamaswa zandura zandura.
 
Kuva ku ya 1 Mutarama kugeza ku ya 16 Ugushyingo 2020, ubukungu 10 bwa mbere bwanduye inkoko nshya HPAI ni: Hongiriya, 273, Tayiwani, Ubushinwa, 67, Uburusiya, 66, Vietnam, 63, Polonye, ​​31, Muri 11 muri Kazakisitani, 9 muri Bulugariya, 8 muri Isiraheli, 7 mu Budage, na 7 mu Buhinde. Ubukungu 10 bwa mbere ukurikije umubare w’inkoko zahitanywe n’icyorezo gishya cya HPAI ni: Hongiriya miliyoni 3.534, Uburusiya miliyoni 1.768, Tayiwani, Ubushinwa 582.000, Qazaqistan 545.000, Polonye 509.000, na Ositaraliya 434.000. , Bulugariya inuma 421.000, Ubuyapani 387.000 inuma, Arabiya Sawudite inuma 385.000, Isiraheli 286.000 inuma.
 
Kuva ku ya 1 Mutarama kugeza ku ya 16 Ugushyingo 2020, icyorezo gishya cy’inkoko HPAI cyabereye ku mugabane w’Ubushinwa, harimo icyorezo cy’inkoko 1 H5N6 cyanduye HPAI mu Ntara ya Xichong, Umujyi wa Nanchong, Intara ya Sichuan, n’icyorezo cy’inkoko 1 mu Karere ka Shuangqing, Umujyi wa Shaoyang, Intara ya Hunan. icyorezo cya H5N1 cyanduye HPAI, ibyo byorezo byombi byateje inkoko 10347 zose zanduye, abantu 6340 banduye, 6340 bapfa, n’inkoko 4007 ziricwa. Muri icyo gihe, icyorezo cya HPAI 5 cy’ubwoko bw’inyamanswa H5N6 cyabereye mu Bushinwa.
 
Ijambo ryibanze rya gatatu: Salmonella
 
Salmonella ikwirakwira ikomeje guteza ibyago, itera amagi / inkoko yibuka, mugihe indwara ya Newcastle isa nkaho ituje
 
Muri 2020, ku isi hose hagaragaye abantu benshi bakekwaho kwandura salmonella mu biribwa n'ibicuruzwa bikomoka ku buhinzi ku isi, nk'ibitunguru muri Amerika, amagi mu Bufaransa, inkoko muri Polonye, ​​ndetse n'ikimenyetso runaka cya cake mu Bushinwa.
 
Raporo yashyizwe ahagaragara n’ikigo gishinzwe kurwanya no gukumira indwara (CDC), ivuga ko muri Amerika habaye indwara 6 za salmonella muri 2020 (guhera ku ya 18 Ugushyingo), harimo n’umuntu 1 wanduye Hadar Salmonella ukekwaho kuba yaratewe no guhura n’inkoko muri inyuma yinyuma. , Byagaragaye muri leta zose uko ari 50 z’Amerika, habaruwe abantu 1659, muri bo 326 bari mu bitaro naho 1 barapfa. Urutonde rwa genome yose ya Salmonella yitandukanije n’abantu 1493 hamwe n’ubushakashatsi bubiri bw’ibidukikije bwerekanye ko 793 (53.2%) ubwoko bwitaruye bwarwanya aside amoxicillin clavulanic aside (igipimo cyo kurwanya 1.5%), streptomycine (47.3%), tetracycline (47,6%) n’izindi antibiyotike zisanzwe. yateje imbere kurwanya.
 
Ijambo ryibanze: kugabanya kurwanya no kugabanya kurwanya ibiyobyabwenge
 
Kugabanya kurwanya no kurwanya ibiyobyabwenge nicyo cyibanze mu nganda imyaka myinshi. Muri 2020, bizaba ngombwa cyane kubera ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’ibihano by’ibiryo mu Bushinwa muri 2020.
 
Kugabanya kurwanya ni inzira, ntabwo ari iherezo. Ikibazo cyo kurwanya mikorobe cyabaye ikibazo ku isi, kandi ni kimwe mu bintu byangiza ubuzima ku bantu no ku nyamaswa. Iragerageza gusenya iterambere nibyagezweho nubuvuzi bugezweho nubuvuzi bwamatungo bugezweho mumyaka irenga 100. Kugeza ubu, nyuma y’imyaka myinshi “kubuza kurwanya mikorobe” bimaze gushyirwa mu bikorwa, ubukungu bwateye imbere nk’Umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi na Amerika bwateye imbere mu kugabanya ikoreshwa ry’imiti igabanya ubukana bw’abantu n’inyamaswa, ariko ikibazo cyo kurwanya imiti igabanya ubukana bwa virusi biracyahinduka. Muri icyo gihe, Ishami ry'Umuryango w'Abibumbye ryita ku Buzima n’Umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku buzima bw’inyamaswa birahuza n’ibihugu mu rwego rwo gushimangira igenzura n’ubushakashatsi, kandi ubukungu butera imbere nabwo burabikurikirana.
 
Dukurikije amategeko mashya yashyizweho n’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi mu 2019, antibiyotike zose z’ubuhinzi zisanzwe, harimo n’ubuvuzi bwose bwo gukumira amatsinda y’inyamaswa, zizahagarikwa guhera ku ya 28 Mutarama 2022. Ni muri urwo rwego, Amerika yakoze nabi cyane ivuga ko ari impamvu yo gushyiraho inzitizi z'ubucuruzi. Minisiteri y’ubuhinzi muri Amerika yavuze ko aya mabwiriza “adafite ishingiro ryizewe mu bumenyi.”
 
Mu mwaka wa 2020, Ubushinwa bwagabanije ibiryo bya antibiyotike bwashyizwe mu bikorwa ku mugaragaro, bituma hiyongeraho antibiyotike. Ariko, gutahura imiti yubuvuzi bwamatungo yabujijwe mu magi, inkoko, nibindi byabaye nyuma yikindi. Muri icyo gihe, Chia Tai Group na Cargill batangije inkoko Raised Anti-Resistant (RWA) ku isoko ry’Ubushinwa. Ku ya 11 Mutarama 2020, CP Group yashyize ahagaragara Benja ibicuruzwa by’inkoko birwanya fungal mu iduka rya Beijing Hema Xiansheng Shilibao. Byongeye kandi, Jilin Youshengda Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. nayo iteza imbere cyane inkoko zayo za Qianbaihe zidashobora kwihanganira kumurongo no kumurongo.
 
Ijambo ryibanze gatanu: ubworozi budafunze
 
Icyamamare cy’akazu kidafunze mu Burayi no muri Amerika cyaragabanutseho gato, ariko ibitekerezo by’ubukungu bumwe na bumwe bikiri mu nzira y'amajyambere byiyongereye bucece.
 
Duhereye ku mibare iriho ubu, ibihugu by’Uburayi byayoboye iterambere ry’imibereho y’inyamaswa ntabwo byateye imbere cyane mu bworozi bw’inkoko n’ingurube mu myaka ibiri ishize, kandi amatungo nk’inkwavu yakunze kwitabwaho cyane. Nk’uko imibare yashyizwe ahagaragara n’ishami ry’ubuhinzi muri Amerika ibivuga, kugeza muri Werurwe 2020, muri Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika hari miliyoni 60 z’inkoko zidafite ubuntu (17.8%), na miliyoni 19.4 z’inkoko zitera (5.4%). Hariho inkoko miliyoni 257.1 (76.4%) zinkoko zisanzwe zororerwa.
 
Muri 2020, Burezili izabona inzira nshya mu kuzamura akazu katari akazu. Nyuma y’isosiyete y’ibiribwa yo muri Berezile (BRF) itangaje ko igura amagi atagizwe n’akazu kugira ngo atunganyirize ibicuruzwa nka foromaje, umutsima n’ibindi bicuruzwa guhera muri Nzeri 2020, igihangange cy’amagi yo muri Berezile yavuze mu Gushyingo uwo mwaka ko kizashora imari. miriyoni 2,5 zidafite amagi yororerwa. Umushinga w'inkoko.
 
Mu Bushinwa, guteza imbere inkoko zidafunze bisobanura gusimbuka iterambere, kandi umutungo w’ubutaka n’amazi nabyo ni ibintu bibiri byingenzi bigomba kwitabwaho. Umuryango w'ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi na Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika birahindukira mu buhinzi butari akazu hashingiwe ku kato gakungahaye, mu gihe ubuhinzi bunini cyane mu Bushinwa bwafunzwe. Usibye ishoramari ririmo gukorwa mu gutera inkoko zikungahaye mu Bushinwa na Chia Tai Group, amasosiyete menshi ari hagati yo gutegereza-kureba no kuzunguruka. Icyakora, Metro yashyize isoko ry’Ubushinwa mu cyemezo kizaza cyo kugura amagi adafunze, ari nacyo cyashimishije cyane inganda z’abashinwa. Byongeye kandi, Shanxi Pingyao Weihai Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd. yafatanyije na Nestlé kubaka gahunda y’imibereho itari iy'ubusa yo gutera inkoko.
 
Ijambo ryibanze rya gatandatu: Intege nke
 
Intege nke zigaragara murwego rwo gutanga inganda n’ibiribwa n’inkoko, kandi ikagura antenne yayo mu rwego rw’imibereho myiza y’inyamaswa
 
Bitandukanye n’ubuhanuzi bw’intiti, impuguke n’inzego z’ubujyanama mu nzego nyinshi mu ntangiriro y’icyorezo cy’icyorezo gishya cy’ikamba, mu gihembwe cya mbere cya 2020, ubwicanyi bw’aba broiler muri Amerika buzagira ingaruka nke kandi bumaze kugera ku mwaka -umwaka-mwaka wiyongereyeho 8% muri Kanama, kubera kongera ibicuruzwa biva mu Bushinwa. Ubwinshi bwo kohereza inyama z'inkoko muri Amerika nabwo bwiyongereye ku buryo bugaragara uko umwaka utashye; ubushobozi bw’inyama z’inkoko mu Bushinwa bwagarutse gahoro gahoro, kandi ibitumizwa mu mahanga byiyongereye ku buryo bugaragara ku mwaka. Dufatiye kuri raporo iheruka gutegurwa na Minisiteri y’ubuhinzi muri Amerika, umusaruro w’inkoko ku isi n’ubucuruzi bw’ibicuruzwa n’ibicuruzwa byoherezwa mu mahanga bizakomeza kwiyongera muri 2020.
 
Nubwo bimeze bityo ariko, guhuza umusaruro w’inkoko no guhangana n’ubucuruzi bw’inkoko muri 2020 biramenyerewe cyane ugereranije no gucika intege kw'ifiriti y'inkoko hamwe n'iminyururu itanga amagi. Kurugero, gutwara ifiriti yinkoko hamwe namagi no kwinjiza inkoko za basekuruza mubushinwa byangije ifi nyinshi yinkoko. Urundi rugero, inkoko zimaze iminsi 1 zororerwa mu Buholandi ntizashoboraga kujyanwa aho zerekeza. Bashyizwe kuri euthan kandi amagi yatewe yarasenyutse. Impamvu nyamukuru ni uko ubwikorezi bwo muri Afurika bwahagaritswe kubera icyorezo gishya cy’ikamba, kandi ibihugu bya Afurika byishingikiriza cyane ku bicuruzwa biva mu mahanga Ku bicuruzwa by’inkoko, umusaruro biragoye gukora. Amakuru yerekana ko mbere yibi, Gana, Congo, Nijeriya na Coryte d'Ivoire byinjije miliyoni 1.7 z’inkoko zimaze iminsi 1 buri kwezi, kandi inyinshi muri izo nkoko ziva mu bihugu byohereza ibicuruzwa hanze zarasenyutse nyuma yo koherezwa.
 
Kubera iyo mpamvu, amashyaka menshi yagaragaje impungenge zikomeye ku bijyanye n’intege nke z’isoko ry’inkoko n’imibereho y’inkoko. Dr. Temple Grandin, umwarimu w’ubumenyi bw’inyamaswa muri kaminuza ya Leta ya Colorado, yagize ati: “Tugomba kugira icyo dukora kugira ngo amasoko y’inkoko n’inyamaswa zirusheho guhinduka. Uruganda rutunganya ibintu rwashimishijwe. ”
 
Kuva mu 2020, kubera ingaruka z'icyorezo gishya cy'ikamba, abantu bo mu bihugu by’Uburayi bagabanije umubare w’imyigaragambyo n’ibikorwa by’ingutu ku mibereho y’inyamaswa. Nubwo, nubwo ikibazo cyo gukumira no kurwanya icyorezo gishya cy’ikamba gihamye, bazategura imyigaragambyo na parade kugira ngo bakore igitutu. Amerika kandi yabonye igabanuka ryita ku mibereho y’inyamaswa kubera ingaruka z’icyorezo gishya. Indorerezi z’inganda zavuze ko nubwo inganda zafashe ingamba zuzuye zo kurwanya inkoko n’ingurube zishobora kwandura nyuma y’ikwirakwizwa ry’ibicurane by’ibiguruka by’ibiguruka n’indwara y’ingurube zo muri Afurika mu nkoko, bitarakora akazi keza mu bihe byihutirwa by’ubuzima bw’inyamaswa. Gutegura, birakenewe kongera ubushakashatsi no gushaka inzira ishoboka.
 
Ijambo ryibanze: Irwanya irushanwa
 
Ingaruka z’ubucuruzi mpuzamahanga zirenze kure ubushobozi bwinganda zo guhanura no kugenzura, kandi kurwanya irushanwa birashoboka
 
Kugeza ubu, imishyikirano kuri politiki y’ipiganwa mu Muryango w’ubucuruzi ku isi (WTO) imaze imyaka igera kuri 16 ihagaze, kandi intambara z’ubucuruzi zibanda ku makimbirane y’imisoro zagiye zigaragara. Ubushakashatsi bushingiye ku bintu bisanzwe byerekana ko niba imyitwarire yo kurwanya irushanwa mu nganda runaka mu bukungu runaka yagutse, bizagira ingaruka ku bucuruzi mpuzamahanga bw’ibicuruzwa muri uru ruganda no guteza imbere inganda zimwe mu bindi bihugu mu buryo butandukanye. .
 
Ku nganda z’inkoko, ubucuruzi bw’inyama z’inkoko n’amagi byahoze byibandwaho cyane n’inganda, kandi icyorezo gishya cy’ibicurane by’ibiguruka buri kwezi cyatumye ubucuruzi mpuzamahanga bumaze kugorana cyane ku bicuruzwa by’inkoko bihinduka. Kurugero, ku ya 27 Nyakanga 2020, hari hateganijwe ibintu bishya mu myaka umunani y’amahoro y’ubucuruzi bw’inkoko hagati y’Amerika n'Ubuhinde. Itsinda ry’abakemurampaka WTO ryumvikanye kuri uwo munsi gusubika icyemezo cy’aya makimbirane, bikaba biteganijwe ko rizafata icyemezo mbere ya Mutarama 2021. Amakimbirane hagati y’impande zombi ahanini ashingiye ku kuba uruhande rw’Ubuhinde rudakuraho ubugenzuzi bukomeye. ingamba zijyanye no gutumiza no kohereza mu mahanga ibikomoka ku nkoko, kandi uruhande rwa Amerika rero rwafashe ingamba zo gushyiraho umusoro wa miliyoni 450 USD ku bicuruzwa byo mu Buhinde.
 
Kuva mu mwaka wa 2020, kubera ingaruka zikabije z’icyorezo gishya cy’ikamba, ibihugu byinshi byahagaritse kohereza mu mahanga amagi no gutumiza mu mahanga inkoko, ndetse n’inganda z’inganda z’inyamanswa zo muri Amerika zashyizeho umurongo w’imyitwarire irwanya irushanwa ryangiza inyungu z’imirima / abadandaza kubera kubutandukaniro murwego rwo gutanga, cyane cyane mumirima yinka. Byinshi cyane, bikurikirwa ningurube, inkoko, namagi; nyuma yimyaka irindwi yimyitwarire irwanya irushanwa, ibihangange bimwe na bimwe bitanga inkoko muri Reta zunzubumwe zamerika byagaragaje umurava wabo imbere y’amategeko abiteganya, kandi ibihangange by’amagi yo muri Amerika nabyo byararegwaga kuba yarakoresheje ibiciro by’amagi.
 
Muri iki gihe, isoko ry’inkoko mu bihugu bimwe na bimwe bikiri mu nzira y'amajyambere naryo ryerekana imbaraga z’imyitwarire irwanya irushanwa, nk'isoko ry'amagi yo mu Bushinwa.
 
Ijambo ryibanze umunani: Counter-attack yo kwica isake yumunsi 1
 
Bitewe n’ibisabwa n’ingeri zose, imihigo yo gutanga amasoko, no guhanga udushya mu ikoranabuhanga mu kumenyekanisha igitsina cy’amagi n’intanga zororoka, Ubusuwisi bwashyizeho amategeko muri 2019 abuza kwica inkoko zimaze umunsi 1. Ubudage n'Ubufaransa byashyizeho amategeko mashya. Amategeko ntabwo ari kure.
 
Kubera ko inkoko ikiri nto ikura kandi ntizatera amagi kandi inyama ntizihagije ku buryo zishobora kwicwa, imyitozo yo kwica miliyari amagana y’inkoko y’umunsi umwe buri mwaka yateje impungenge muri sosiyete yose, ndetse n’ubumwe bw’ibihugu by’Uburayi bihugu byashyizeho amategeko yo gukemura iki kibazo. Ibikorwa kubibazo birashyuha. Nyuma yuko Ubusuwisi bushyizeho itegeko ribuza kwica inkoko y’umunsi 1, Ubudage n’Ubufaransa byatangiye gushyiraho umushinga w’amategeko. Imiryango ine ishinzwe imibereho myiza y’inyamaswa mu Buholandi yasabye minisitiri w’intebe gukurikiza urugero rw’Ubufaransa n’Ubusuwisi no gushyira mu bikorwa icyemezo cy’Ubuholandi mu 2021.
 
Hamwe n’inganda zikoreshwa mu buhanga bushya bwo gusama imibonano mpuzabitsina isobanura amagi yororoka, amatsinda menshi manini acuruza nka Aldi Group na Carrefour yavuze ko bazahagarika buhoro buhoro kugura amagi yakozwe no kwica umwana w’umunsi 1 w’amasake yangiza, hanyuma bagatangira kugura no kugurisha. Subiza kwica amagi (RespEGGt). Muri icyo gihe, yanashishikarije igishoro gushora imari mu masosiyete menshi yatangije kugira ngo akore ubwo bushakashatsi mu ikoranabuhanga, kandi ubushakashatsi n’iterambere ryagutse kuva muri gahunda yo gutera inkoko gutera inkoko kugeza kuri sisitemu yo gukuramo inyama. Mubyukuri, nko mu 2008, isosiyete yo mu Budage Selegg yatangiye guteza imbere iryo koranabuhanga. Nyuma yimyaka irenga 10, icyiciro cya mbere cyamagi yo kurwanya ibitero cyagurishijwe muri supermarket 9 i Berlin, mubudage muri 2018.
 
Mu ntangiriro za 2020, abashakashatsi bo muri kaminuza ebyiri zo mu Budage n’ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi basabye ipatanti y’ubu bwoko bw’ikoranabuhanga, rishobora kumenya igitsina cy’urusoro rw’amagi ku munsi wa gatatu w’ububasha bufite igipimo cya 75%, mu gihe ari ukuri igipimo cyagenwe kumunsi wa gatandatu Kugera kuri 95%. Mu Kwakira k'uwo mwaka, Isiraheli yatangije SOOS yateye intambwe nshya mu bushakashatsi n'ikoranabuhanga. Umuyobozi mukuru wa SOOS, Yael Alter, yavuze ko ukurikije imibereho y’inyamaswa, gutera amagi yorora inkoko bigomba guterwa ku munsi wa 7 (inkoko). Imiterere yumubiri muzima yarakozwe) mbere yo kumenya insoro zumugabo nigitsina gore no kurimbuka kwa nyuma, ariko biragoye kubigeraho. Kubwibyo, SOOS yateje imbere tekinolojiya mishya yo guhindura igitsina cy amagi yororoka, yiga acoustics selile no guhindura ibidukikije bya incubator, ihindura ingirabuzima fatizo zigitsina gore. Yagaragaje kandi ko ikoreshwa ry’ikoranabuhanga rishobora kongera umubare w’inyoni z’inkoko zigera kuri 60%, bikaba biteganijwe ko uzagera kuri 80% mu gihe kiri imbere.
 
Ijambo ryibanze Icyenda: Amagara meza kandi arambye
 
Amagara mazima kandi arambye yabaye igitekerezo cyingenzi mubice byinshi nkinganda z’inkoko, kandi imyitozo izahura n’ibibazo byinshi
 
Ikibazo cy’ikirere cyarushijeho kwiyongera kandi gihinduka, ikibazo cyo kurwanya ibiyobyabwenge cyarushijeho gukomera, kandi icyorezo cya COVID-19 cyakomeje gutanga umuburo: umubano wa hafi hagati y’abantu, inyamaswa n’ibidukikije warushijeho kuba mubi ndetse urakomera. Kugira ngo ibyo bigerweho, Umuryango w’abibumbye, imiryango mpuzamahanga na za guverinoma z’ibihugu byinshi byita cyane kuri iki kibazo. Bishyiriyeho intego kandi biyemeza kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya ikirere. Bize kandi batanga uburyo bwinshi bwo kurinda inyamaswa zo mu gasozi, kurinda urusobe rw’ibinyabuzima, no kurinda ibishanga / umutungo w’amazi. / Ubutaka, namategeko n'amabwiriza ajyanye no gushimangira ibinyabuzima, gukumira no gukumira indwara zoonotic. Kurugero, Ubushinwa bukoresha uburyo bwo kurengera umutungo wamazi kandi buteza imbere imiyoborere y’ibidukikije. Mu mwaka wa 2020, yatangaje "Itegeko ry’ibinyabuzima" kandi ritanga itegeko ribuza gucuruza inyamaswa zitemewe n'amategeko, kandi ahantu henshi mu gihugu nazo zashyize mu bikorwa ingamba zo gufunga amasoko y’ubucuruzi bw’inkoko nzima.
 
Kugeza ubu, inganda z’inkoko ku isi zirimo kubaka imishinga mishya no guteza imbere ibicuruzwa bishya bishingiye ku biciro byayo bihendutse, mu rwego rwo kwitoza no guteza imbere ibyo bizera ko ari byiza kandi birambye.
 
Icyakora, uruhare rw’ubucuruzi mpuzamahanga bw’inyama z’inkoko, amagi n’ibindi biribwa n’ibikomoka ku buhinzi muri urwo rwego ntibyirengagijwe cyangwa ngo byumvikane nabi n’inganda. Dukurikije igitekerezo cy’iterambere ryiza kandi rirambye ryatangijwe n’umuryango w’abibumbye, FAO, UNEP n’izindi nzego, imbogamizi z’ikibazo cy’amazi n’ibura ry’ubutaka ryugarije ubukungu bumwe na bumwe ziragenda zikomera cyane, bigira ingaruka ku iterambere rirambye ry’abantu kandi umubumbe. Ibiribwa n’ibikomoka ku buhinzi nk’inyama z’inkoko n’amagi, bitwara amazi make n’ubutaka mu gihe cyo kubyaza umusaruro, byoherezwa mu kibazo cy’amazi, ikibazo cy’ibura ry’ubutaka, kandi umusaruro w’amatungo n’inkoko ukoresha amazi menshi n’ibikomoka ku buhinzi binyuze mu bucuruzi mpuzamahanga bwubahiriza amategeko. imiyoboro. Ubukungu bufite umutungo wubutaka hagamijwe gutanga umusanzu mwiza mu iterambere rirambye ryisi no kuzamura ibidukikije. Ariko, haracyari ingorane nyinshi. Dufatiye kuri iyi ngingo, ubuzima burambye bushimangira imiyoborere y’isi yose, iterambere ry’inganda ku isi no guhuza ibikorwa, ndetse n’ingamba zafashwe n’Ubushinwa n’ubukungu bw’ibindi bihugu mu nyama n’ibindi biribwa n’ibikomoka ku buhinzi nabyo bifitanye isano no guteza imbere ibidukikije no kurengera imisozi yatsi kandi amazi meza. Ntabwo bifitanye isano.
 
Ijambo ryibanze icumi: guhindura imibare
 
Mugihe cyigihe cya 5G, ihinduka rya digitale yinganda z’inkoko zavuye mubushakashatsi bwibitekerezo zijya kurugamba nyirizina
 
Ubwo Carrefour yatangizaga ikoranabuhanga rya IBM mu Bufaransa kugirango isesengure ryisubireho ry’inkoko n’ibindi bicuruzwa ikanabishyira mu bikorwa mu mwaka wa 2019, amasosiyete menshi y’inkoko n’inkoko yatangiye gufatanya n’amasosiyete atanga amasoko n’andi mashyaka kwinjira mu nkoko n’amagi Ikigaragara gusaba no kuzamura icyiciro cya tekinoroji. Kurugero, uruganda rukora inkoko zo muri Indoneziya Belfoods, igihangange amagi yubufaransa Avril Group, nibindi.
 
Muri icyo gihe, interineti yibintu na robo nabyo birakomeza ubushakashatsi bwimbitse mugihe ubonye ibyifuzo byambere. SugarCreek, isosiyete yo muri Amerika itanga bacon, imipira y’inyama, isosi ya salus hamwe n’ibikomoka ku nkoko ku masoko y’imirire n’ubucuruzi, iherutse gukoresha ikoranabuhanga rya IoT mu nganda zayo zavuguruwe kugira ngo rihuze ibikoresho, sensor na sisitemu kugira ngo bigere ku kuzigama no kwemerera abatanga SugarCreek kugera ku mutekano neza imashini za sosiyete kure. Raporo yakozwe na CNN muri Amerika muri Nyakanga 2020, kubera ingaruka z'icyorezo gishya cy'ikamba ndetse no kubura akazi mu nganda zitunganya inyama mu myaka myinshi, abatunganya inyama nka Tyson Foods muri Amerika ni kwihutisha iterambere rya robo zo gusimbuza inyama zubukorikori. Gukata. Nk’uko raporo imwe yatangajwe n'ikinyamakuru The Wall Street Journal, abashakashatsi n'abahanga mu bya Tyson Foods, babifashijwemo n'abashinzwe inganda z’imodoka, barimo gushyiraho uburyo bwo kwishyurana mu buryo bwikora kugira ngo bagere ku ntego yo kubaga no gutunganya broilers zigera kuri miliyoni 40 buri cyumweru.
 
Muri iki gihe, ubushakashatsi niterambere hamwe nogukoresha ikoranabuhanga rya digitale ryagutse mubijyanye n’umusaruro w’inkoko mu nzego nyinshi. Mu rwego rwo kugabanya ibyago by’abakozi bandura virusi nshya y’ikamba, Tyson Foods ubu yashyizeho uburyo bwo gukurikirana indwara zanduza algorithm hamwe n’uburyo bwo “gukurikirana no gupima” mu nganda zayo zitunganya inyama. Ku ya 25 Nzeri 2020, Dr. Jason Guss, umuyobozi mukuru wa Laboratwari ya Iterate, yazanye “ibikoresho byifashishwa byifashishwa mu kwifashisha” mu nganda z’inkoko muri Amerika. Iki gikoresho cyakozwe ukurikije amahame ya ergonomic kandi gihujwe na gants. Irashobora gukomeza gukurikirana no guhanura ergonomique yumukozi nibibazo bifitanye isano numunaniro, ikanatanga amakuru nyayo kubayobozi kugirango umutekano w abakozi unonosore imikoreshereze yabakozi, ibyo bikaba bishobora gukemura inganda z’inkoko Bimwe mubiciro byinshi nibibazo byingutu byugarije ibicuruzwa byinshi. , ibikomere, gusezerana gake no kutamenya imikorere yumuntu ku giti cye.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Nzeri-23-2021